Do you know that dark patches are also known as Hyper-pigmentation, a condition in which patches of your skin become darker in color? It is an overproduction of melanin in certain areas of the skin. The overproduction results in targeted areas to be darker in color, often occurring in obvious patches. Here are Revealing Facts about Hyperpigmentation.
Common Causes and Treatment of Hyperpigmentation
1. Too much exposure to the sun.
The sun is the culprit in many cases of Hyperpigmentation. However, what you probably don’t know is that U.V. rays aren’t the only cause of brown spots on the skin.
Once dark spots have developed, sun exposure can also exacerbate the issue by making age spots (or sun spots), melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation spots even darker.
2. Hormonal Imbalance
Along with accumulative sun exposure, other causes of Hyperpigmentation include heat, pregnancy, birth control pills, and menopause (because heat and hormones can cause an increase in melanin production).
Hormonal Imbalances can be triggered externally and internally.
External triggers such as the sun/atmospheric conditions and being in stressful situations can interrupt hormonal homeostasis.
In some cases, due to hormonal imbalance, Hyperpigmentation shows up during pregnancy, and this is known as “Pregnancy Mask.”
3. Hyperpigmentation Treatment
Daily use of a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or more helps resist dark spots, maintain healthy skincare practices that incorporate regular exfoliation, and the Hyperpigmentation can darken; using sun protection is one way to prevent more pronounced spots.
In addition to these preventive measures, apply a topical antioxidant to keep your skin thoroughly protected.
Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant drug that can use topically in dermatology to treat and prevent changes associated with photo-aging. It can also apply to the treatment of Hyperpigmentation.
So whatever route you choose, a prevention plan is essential to enjoying your results and guarding against re-emergence—a prevalent issue that comes with treating Hyperpigmentation.
Also, practice sun-safe behaviors like wearing a sun hat in the summer to shade your face and not laying out during the peak hours of midday, when rays are strongest — Revealing Facts about Hyperpigmentation.