Exfoliation is a must for healthy skin. If you do not exfoliate, your skin will appear dull, be flaky, breakout, and feel rough. This skincare step is key if you want your skin to be smooth, blemish-free, and glow. So here are the 5 Ways to Exfoliate Different Skin Type.
Yet exfoliation can be very confusing – which product should you use to exfoliate your skin? How often should you exfoliate? At what point do you exfoliate during your skincare routine, and which products should you apply afterward?
This article will break down some general guidelines when it comes to exfoliation of different skin types.
Best Exfoliation Method By Skin Type
1. Normal Skin
Normal skin can exfoliate two to three times per week. While normal skin has the most options, if you exfoliate too much, you will do more harm than good.
You can manually exfoliate with a brush or washcloth as well as chemically-based products that include granular sugar, crushed apricot pits, or walnut shells and light amounts of acids.
Start slowly and see what your skin can tolerate.
Individuals with typical skin types who are not dealing with any chronic skin conditions can typically choose either method of exfoliation.
Both chemical and mechanical exfoliation will be safe and effective.
2. Oily Skin
It is essential to regularly exfoliate oily skin so that pimples, blackheads, and clogged pores do not occur.
While facial acids such as salicylic acid are an excellent skin care ingredient for oily skin, you need to make sure that you do not overdo it when it comes to such ingredients.
Oily skin can also be exfoliated more often than any other skin type. Some people can even and should exfoliate every day.
Oily skin types will benefit most from mechanical exfoliation. By using a brush or scrub as chemical exfoliators are less effective in removing built-up oil.
Therefore, if using a scrub, make sure to apply using the fingertips in a small (light) circular motion.
And brush users should stick to shorter or lighter strokes.
After that, exfoliate for about 30 seconds before rinsing the skin with lukewarm (not hot) water. Learn more about the 5 Ways to Exfoliate Different Skin Type.
3. Dry Skin
Exfoliation is essential for dry or flaky skin.
If you do not exfoliate regularly, layers of dead skin cells will sit on the very top of your skin, making it hard for your other skincare products to penetrate and do their job, such as moisturizing.
Also, if you do not often exfoliate your dry skin can become flaky and look dull.
Like with sensitive skin, dry skin does not need harsh scrubs or aggressive products for your skin to glow.
So, avoid mechanical exfoliation on dry skin, because the process is drying. And it can lead to micro-tears.
AHAs are useful for dry skin.
Moreover, Glycolic acid will help remove dead cells sitting on the surface of the skin and encourage healthy skin turnover.
After that, follow up with an SPF and moisturizer. This can make the skin more prone to sun damage.
4. Combination Skin
If you have combination skin (i.e., your T-zone is oily and your cheeks are dry), you should keep the majority of your exfoliation to the T-zone area.
You should follow exfoliation with moisturizer applied slowly to the dry skin areas and sparsely to the oily areas.
Individuals with combination skin often benefit from doing both mechanical and chemical exfoliation.
Combination skin types should never mix both exfoliation types on the same day.
Instead, specific days of the week should by the designate as mechanical or chemical, often with a rest day.
Make sure to use a high-quality moisturizer if the skin feels dry after exfoliating.
5. Sensitive skin
Even someone with sensitive skin needs to exfoliate regularly, be sure that you do so gently and just once or twice a week.
Since sensitive skin can quickly become red, irritated, and dry, look for a product that contains lactic acid in it.
Lactic acid will not only gently exfoliate your skin but will also give your skin much needed hydration at the same time.
If you have sensitive skin, do not scrub your skin or use a cleansing brush – both of these exfoliation methods can be too harsh for your skin.
Apply a soothing, moisturizing serum or moisturizer after exfoliating.
Sensitive skin types should stick to chemical exfoliation as most mechanical methods will cause irritation or redness.
There are many high mild chemical exfoliating products in lower concentrations that will exfoliate the skin, without damaging or drying out the skin.
Therefore, make sure to apply lightly with a gentle washcloth.
Despite how excited you probably are to transform your skin, you need to be careful of using a too-intense exfoliant too quickly and also avoid jumping from one kind of exfoliant to another.
Don’t use one active exfoliant one night and a different active the next night, and the level of gentleness or level of irritation is different depending on different product formulations.
And as a final note, it’s essential to know that many chemical exfoliants increase your skin’s sun sensitivity.
But since you’re already diligent about wearing sunscreen and reapplying throughout the day, this is a non-issue, right?! Good. Now go on and get to exfoliating already.
5 Ways to Exfoliate Different Skin Type